Early U.S. Coinage : The first coins of the United States
Not many of us can afford to own examples of the earliest U.S. coins. Mintage figures were often very low and some are so scarce that it is difficult even to find pictures of them, never mind have an opportunity to own.
In March of 1791, Congress resolved that a mint should be established and that the President (then George Washington, of course) should make that happen. Notice the simple language and lack of detailed instruction of the resolution below; it’s very different from any Act of Congress you’d read today. Basically, Congress wanted a Mint and the rest was up to the President.